Saturday, November 14, 2009
Terrorism in Pakistan
Pakistan has suffered from the killing of noncombatants by both state and non-state actors with the latte group often based both inside and outside the present-day country. there was massive loss of non-combatant life during patition of British India and creation of Pakistan. stife between Shia and Sunni Muslims and persecution of Ahmediyyas occured as early as the 1950s.
Currently however, the biggest threat to the state and citizens of Pakistan emanates killing civilians and policemen to achieve their political ends, origination of which can be attributed to General Zia ul Haq's controversial "Islamization" policies, the president of the country in the 1980s. His tenure saw Pakistan's exceeding involvement in Soviet-Afghan War, which led to greater influx of ideologically driven Afghan Arabs in the tribal areas and the explosion of kalashnikoy and drugs culture. the state and its intelligence agency inter-services intelligence in alliance with the United States ans Central Intelligence Agency encouraged the mujahideen to fight the proxy war against the Soviet Union, most of which were never disarmed after the war. some of these groups were later activated under the behest of the state in the form of Lashkar-e-Taiba, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen and others were encouraged like Taliban to achieve state's agenda in Kahmir and Afghanistan. The same groups are now taking on the state itself.