Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Increase in Suicide Attempts

In growing years, incidences of suicide issue to rest assured wider in Pakistan and suicide has turn into a major public health problem. From available evidence it appears that most suicides occur in puerile people (contrasting men and married female) beneath the age of 30 second childhood. Hanging, use of insecticides and firearms are the vastly common methods and interpersonal proportion problems also gregarious issues again is the most common ring in for suicide. Mental illness is one of the reasons of the suicide attempts, there are several other reasons dilatory it, mind lack of resources, lack of primary health services, political instability are also reasons of suicide attempts. To tackle this problem public also health professionals ardor to power altogether cloak oversight besides non government institutions.

Suicide and attempted suicide are understudied subjects in Pakistan, an Islamic country where they are considered criminal offenses. at rest suicide statistics are not compiled nor are suicide mortality statistics reported to the totality Health job (WHO). There is absence of information on suicide from Pakistan, an Islamic kingdom in which data collection poses formidable challenges. A variety of social, legal, and religious factors establish reporting and diagnosing suicide ambitious. Paradoxically, incidents of suicide are regularly reported in newspapers Pakistan. In the effortlessness of other item these reports puff a useful, though basic enlightenment source as suicidal deaths

Pakistan is a South Asian developing country with a population of approximately 162 million, with 97% Muslim folk. Suicide is a condemned act in Islam. Traditionally, suicide numbers were low but in recent years, they have shown an increase and suicide has become a major public health no picnic clout Pakistan. There are no certified statistics on suicide from Pakistan. Suicide deaths are not included in the national annual Mortality statistics. National rates are neither known nor reported to the World Health burden (WHO).

In summary, the methodical low rates of suicide and the demanding influence of Islam appears to have undergone a radical tailor in Pakistan and suicide has become a major governmental health uphill. There is need considering collaboration between government, non-governmental organizations and federal and mental health professionals to take up this demand

Umer bin jabbar

Causes of Poverty

Causes of Poverty

However we know that there is the presence of Poverty in Pakistan but we never tried to know that What are the causes of this problem? Why this Gape hole is increasing Day by Day ? What are the purposes that this is happening and the answers are that there is poor Governance they are not able to Implement the rules and laws they are failed to decrease the concept of discrimination among the people of Pakistan . The second is Economic determinants they have no knowledge and idea of economic growth that what is the situation of economy of Pakistan and how they can take it to the betterment of nation .The third is social determinants
The economic determinants are the key to understand the situation of Povert in the country that how fast it is increasing or decreasing .Environmental degradation is the fourth cause of poverty and it means that how fastly we are destroying the gifts of nature that are useful for us in form of health and as well financially .
Most of the people in our country depends on these resources they work and eat just because of these natural resources but if we destroy them than there will be a great shift in poverty level because they have no alternative they are specialize in there specific skills which cannot help them in diversifying to the other work . So government should take care of these scenario also so they can got success in minimizing this aspect that is poverty.

By :Atique Ahmed

Pakistan’s Poor Province

Pakistan attained freedom on 14th August 1947 and then it was further divided into four provinces which are Punjab ,Baluchistan,Sindh and NWFP . However all of them are facing the problems regards to poverty level but one of them is in more critical situation regards with the poverty and that Province is Baluchistan.

Baluchistan is Pakistan's biggest province in terms of area but only has an estimated 10 million to 12 million of the country's 165 million people. It shares borders with Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north. To the south is the Arabian Sea. Quetta is the capital of the province.Baluchistan is the largest copper deposits in the world.It is the province with different natural resources but they are not used by our government due to some security rezones and as well some contracts that our country have done with the other nations . For decades, separatists in Baluchistan have been waging a low-level insurgency for control of those resources which they say are unfairly exploited by richer provinces.
This province is much more dangerous then the others due to the presence of Taliban that came from Afghanistan in Quetta which is the capital of this Province. Now a days U.S is focusing on this province due to the presence of Taliban in this Province.
This province have many educational institutes but are failed to survive just because of the terrorist acts that are happening in Baluchistan . According to the survey, 8.6 percent out of the 10,381 educational institutions in the province are in a ‘dangerous’ condition. About 24.7 percent of these need major repairs while 36.6 percent require minor repairs. Only 30.2 percent are in satisfactory conditions.Baluchistan literacy rate is GPI 0.46 .So what I can suggest is that Pakistan’s Government should focus on this Province so that in future it will not create any type of hurdle for it to succeed in future .
By : Atique Ahmed

Tuesday, December 8, 2009

'Is there a need to get girls educated?'

"Is there a need to get our girls educated? Whats the use?". These are questions frequently asked by the educationists who go to rural areas to spread awareness about the importance of getting the females educated.

Girls in rural areas have to face many cultural and social problems.One of the most deplorable aspects is that in some places, particularly northern tribal areas, the education of girls is strictly prohibited on religious grounds.This is a gross misinterpretation of Islam,which like other religions urges men and women both to seek knowledge.

Though the need has been felt by some rural parts of Pakistan still alot of girls are not able to acquire education beyound secondary level simply because one does not exist for girls. Though there are a few privately-run middle schools but the fees for such school is so high that the poor families of the village can not afford them.

While the U. N. recommends that developing countries set aside four percent of gross national product (GNP) for education, State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) annual report for 2004 shows that spending is still only 1.8 percent of GNP. Thus the annual spending needs to be increased and specially for girls who receive only a small weightage.

There are vast gender and regional disparities between the provinces. While the overall literacy rate in Sindh is 56 percent, it is only 36 percent in Balochistan and substantial disparities also exist at the district level within provinces.

Pakistan's overall literacy rate of 54 percent in 2004 was achieved largely due to an increased emphasis on basic education in the country to achieve the U.N. millennium development goals (MDGs) of universal primary education, according to the SBP report.

But the need for higher education needs to be felt now and secondary schooling should be easily available to those who can build a brighter future for Pakistan.


Ways to improve education in Pakistan

Education in Pakistan is effected by several factors such as the existence of cost effective schools, better curricula and an awareness amongst parents about the importance of education specially in rural areas. But above all the single most important factor is to make sure that the children complete their basic primary education.

However there are institutional reforms that can help improve Pakistans educational sysytem so that it can achieve its goal of completeion of primary education nationwide.

The first reform will be to create decentralisaion that is better education should be provided at village and district level and not only at the bigger cities of the state. The bureaucracy shoul not be allowed to interfer with the needs and requirements of schools at lower levels but should delegate responsilbility to local authorities.

Another step that can be taken to improve the educational system is by providing better support and coordination at district and provincial levels. The most important element of any school is good faculty and the central education body should make sure that the students at the lower levels have this facility.

Finally the last but the most important factor in improving education in Pakistan is to spread awareness amongst the rural population about the necessity of education for both girls and boys. Then annual research should be conducted to compare figures and to learning achievement across schools, districts and regions over time.


Sunday, December 6, 2009

Street Crime

Pakistan is not comming out of crises.People are fed upto deal with one, after, an other issue.On one hand, real shows the incompetence of prerogative and on other hand it reflects the failure of institutions which are maily responsible to transit the affairs of the country.Although political leadership pastoral and military beurocracy and judiciary are the vital players who brought the scepter at this point of dispondancy but we all, as a nation, are responsible for this situation.

The incidence of snatches and thefts at gunpoint, of cars, motorcycles, cell phones, purses, finance and other personnel belongings in markets, bazaars, parks and roadsides, collectively referred to owing to road CRIMES, has been evolution at a irrational rate over the former few years. Everyday, on an average nearly 100 cases involving such crimes are reported, incredibly larger and now developing numbers remained unreported owing to the increasing skepticism amongst the victims over police faculty to ever meliorate their property. exceedingly often, offering some form of resistance to the perpetrators ends up fix some form of injury or death since the injured party. Since resistance regularly results domination the death of the victim, it has certainly generated a banal command character the mind of the average man to helping hand in that all his possessions when confronted with such a situation. According to Dawn reports, “on 28th sep 2009, around 50 family were deprived of their cars, motorcycles or cell phones fame diverse localities of the country..
The lack of trust in police is the cardinal and perhaps the only reason behind this. The victims oftentimes believe that it is useless filing a report and informing the police due to the kin don’t have immeasurably position in the qualification of police to increase their property. practiced are lots of reasons behind of this break ground equaling due to ,lack of education, unempolyment. people have been very frustrated from about power policies so they want some thing new again they are vitally curious of their future.

Umer bin jabbar

Saturday, December 5, 2009

Juvenile Justice System Ordinance (JJSO)

Until recently, Pakistan authorities have realized the magnitude of Juvenile crime and evicted keen interest in scientific and empirical studies on juvenile crimes as well its prevention. Juvenile Justice System Ordinance (JJSO) formed in 2000 has legally superseded the previous laws regarding Children, however, there implementation still seems to be inadequate. The ordinance directed the government to set up special juvenile courts for under-age offenders and establish independent trials for juvenile and adult offenders. However, the government has not only failed in setting up of the special juvenile courts but many districts have been found to be grossly violating the ordinance. Juvenile crime will be getting worse in the coming years as the youth population grows, unless we prevent it and effectively intervene when it occurs. More than one million young people appear in juvenile courts each year, and each case is different. Generally, the juvenile system emphasizes treatment and rehabilitation, while the adult system concentrates on punishment of offenders. The juvenile justice system also consists of a large number of no law enforcement agencies. Social services agencies, schools, and community-based organizations all provide services to both juveniles "at-risk" of committing crimes and to juveniles who have committed crimes.
By Muzeadhy Fatima